“There are experts of land, sea and air warfare but as yet there is no expert of warfare; and warfare is a single entity, having a common purpose.” - General Guilio Douhet, The Command of the Air, 1921


1.          The Kargil conflict brought to fore the limitations of synergy in the armed forces. The GoM report, which followed in 2001, reiterated the imperatives of Jointness, enhanced integration and essentials of greater synergy within the Armed Forces. The High Level Committee highlighted the need to create Joint HQ and promote Jointness in policy formulation, defence acquisition, procedures and decision-making process in the Security of the Nation. In order to achieve the aforementioned tasks, HQ IDS was established.


2.          The next logical destination on the road map of Jointness is the requirement of developing Joint Warfare Professionals. These professionals, belonging to military and civilian organisations, will graduate in the field of Joint Warfare and its practice.  India has one of the largest and the most professional Armed Forces in the world, with rich and live operational experience in full spectrum of warfare. However, its adaptation to the concept of Joint Warfighting has been limited.


3.          A number of autonomous bodies of ‘Think Tanks’ exist in India and are generally dealing with subjects, like Foreign Policy, Security, Economic Issues, Education, Health and Cultural Affairs. There are a few ‘Think Tanks’ dealing with the generic subject of ‘Security’, mostly focusing on International Relations, Security Aspects of Foreign Policy, Security Policies, Regional Security issues and International Security Issues. The three Services have established Centre for Land Warfare Studies (CLAWS), the National Maritime Foundation (NMF) and Centre for Airpower Studies (CAPS), which focus on service specific issues.


4.          It is planned to set up an independent ‘Think Tank’ focusing on aspects of Joint Warfare called the Centre for Joint Warfare Studies (CENJOS). The Centre will act as a semi-autonomous body devoted to the promotion and furtherance of intellectual thinking in the ‘Art and Science of Joint Warfare’ with specific reference to the Indian context. The Centre will also cater for training/orientation capsules for various Ministries, Intelligence Agencies and other Govt Departments connected directly/ indirectly with HQ IDS/ Services and dealing in matters of National Security. It will be an alternate source of well-researched views and analyses, which are of immense benefit to the planners. The Centre will conduct research in the strategic, operational and tactical nuances for Joint War-fighting.



5.          The main objectives of CENJOS are: -


(a)            Promotion of Jointmanship amongst three Services.

(b)            To promote Jointmanship amongst Services, Ministries and Intelligence Agencies connected with National Security.



(c)             To conduct studies & research work in Joint War-fighting.



(d)            To conduct orientation courses/ capsules for various desirous Ministries/ Agencies (including procurement agencies) connected with HQ IDS/ Services.



Organisational Structure


6.          The organisational structure of CENJOS is given below:-


(a)            Patron.    The Patron of CENJOS will be the Chairman Chiefs of Staff Committee, in ex-officio capacity.

(b)            Vice Patron.    Defence Secretary and Secretary (Defence/ Finance) shall be the ex-officio Vice Patron (s) of CENJOS.

(c)             Board of Governors/ Trustees.       The Board of Governors/Trustees shall consist of nine members including the Chairman. The Board will all be ex-officio and comprise the following:-

(i)               CISC.

(ii)            VCOAS, VCNS, VCAS and           C-in-C ANC.

(iii)         DCIDS (PP & FD), DCIDS (Ops), DG & DCIDS (DIA), DCIDS (DOT).

(iv)          Additional Secretary Defence.

(v)             Former CISC.

(d)            The CISC will be Chairman of the Board of Governors/ Trustees.

(e)             Executive Council.  The Executive Council shall meet regularly, at least once in a quarter. The DCIDS (DOT), HQ IDS shall be the President of the Executive Council. The Executive Council shall be all ex-officio and comprise the following:-

(i)               DCIDS (DOT).

(ii)            Commandants of Army War College, Naval War College, College of Air Warfare, Defence Services Staff College and College of Defence Management.

(iii)         Joint Secretary Training (MoD).

(iv)          ACIDS (TRADOC).

(v)             Commandant National Defence University—As & when formed.

(vi)          Director CENJOS.



7.          The Centre for Joint Warfare Studies (CENJOS), after obtaining the approval of the Central Govt, will be registered as a society under ‘The Societies Registration Act 1860   (Act XXI of 1860)’.


8.          At a conservative estimate, CENJOS needs both recurring and non-recurring expenditure. The requirement of non-recurring expenditure for initial setting up of the Centre is Rs 55,55,000/-. Recurring expenditure is required for day-to-day functioning of CENJOS is Rs Six lacs per month. To generate funds for such an amount, there is a requirement of Rs 10 Crores as initial corpus. Interest on Fixed Deposit of approximately nine Crores @ 8% pa will fetch Rs 72 lacs annually.


9.          To ensure that CENJOS functions as an independent think tank, it is important that it is adequately funded and is not constrained by lack of funds to meet its major objectives. CENJOS has drawn up plans for being developing into a leading institution in the field of study and research on defence and security matters related to Joint War-fighting and Development of Joint Warfare Professionals. Initial phase of establishment of the Centre requires professionals who can contribute intellectually with out remuneration till the time it becomes financially self-sustaining organisation.


CAS arriving for function CNS with CISC Ribbin cutting by COAS
CAS arriving for function CISC with CNS Ribbon cutting by COAS